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Strategic plan
Women's Electoral Politics
UN Women's Watch
Global Gag Rule
Martha Nussbaum
Women's Well-being

Strategic Plan for Beijing Congress

Strategic objectives and actions in the 12 critical areas of concern set by the Conference were:

A. [on Poverty]

• Review, adopt and maintain macroeconomic policies and development strategies that address the needs and efforts of women in poverty

• Revise laws and administrative practices to ensure women's equal rights and access to economic resources

• Provide women with access to savings and credit mechanisms and institutions

• Develop gender-based methodologies and conduct research to address the feminisation of poverty

B. [on Education]

• Ensure equal access to education

• Eradicate illiteracy among women

• Improve women's access to vocational training, science and technology, and continuing education

• Develop non-discriminatory education and training

• Allocate sufficient resources for and monitor the implementation of educational reforms

• Promote lifelong education and training for girls and women

C. [on Health]

• Increase women's access throughout the life cycle to appropriate, affordable and quality health care, information and related services

• Strengthen preventive programmes that promote women's health

• Undertake gender-sensitive initiatives that address sexually transmitted diseases, HIV/AIDS, and sexual reproductive health issues

• Promote research and disseminate information on women's health

• Increase resources and monitor follow-up for women's health

D. [on Violence]

• Take integrated measures to prevent and eliminate violence against women

• Study the causes and consequences of violence against women and the effectiveness of preventive measures

• Eliminate trafficking in women and assist victims of violence due to prostitution and trafficking

E. [on Armed Conflict]

• Increase the participation of women in conflict resolution at decision-making levels and protect women living in situations of armed and other conflicts or under foreign occupation

• Reduce excessive military expenditures and control the availability of armaments

• Promote non-violent forms of conflict resolution and reduce the incidence of human rights abuse in conflict situations

• Promote women's contribution to fostering a culture of peace

• Provide protection, assistance and training to refugee women, other displaced women in need of international protection and internally displaced women

• Provide assistance to the women of colonies and non-self-governing territories

F. [on Economic Participation]

• Promote women's economic rights and independence, including access to employment and appropriate working conditions and control over economic resources

• Facilitate women's equal access to resources, employment markets and trade

• Provide business services, training and access to markets, information and technology, particularly to low income women

• Strengthen women's economic capacity and commercial networks

• Eliminate occupational segregation and all forms of employment discrimination

• Promote harmonisation of work and family responsibilities for women and men

G. [on Decision-Making]

• Take measures to ensure women's equal access to and full participation in power structures and decision making

• Increase women's capacity to participate in decision making and leadership

H. [on Advancement of Women]

• Create or strengthen national machineries and other governmental bodies

• Integrate gender perspectives in legislation, public policies, programmes and projects

• Generate and disseminate gender-disaggregated data and information for planning and evaluation

I. [on Human Rights]

• Promote and protect the human rights of women, through full implementation of all human rights instruments, especially the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

• Ensure equality and non-discrimination under the law and in practice

• Achieve legal literacy

J. [on Mass Media]

• Increase the participation and access of women to expression and decision-making in and through the media and new technologies of communication

• Promote a balanced and non-stereotyped portrayal of women in the media

K. [on Environment]

• Involve women actively in environmental decision-making at all levels

• Integrate gender concerns and perspectives in policies and programmes for sustainable development

• Strengthen or establish mechanisms at the national, regional and international levels to assess the impact of development and environmental policies on women

L. [on Rights of the Girl Child]

• Eliminate all forms of discrimination against the girl child

• Eliminate negative cultural attitudes and practices against girls

• Promote and protect the rights of the girl child and increase awareness of her needs and potential

• Eliminate discrimination against girls in education, skills development and training

• Eliminate discrimination against girls in health and nutrition

• Eliminate the economic exploitation of child labour and protect young girls at work

• Eradicate violence against the girl child

• Promote the child's awareness of and participation in social, economic and political life

• Strengthen the role of the family in improving the status of the girl child.

The aims of the Conference were:

• To review and appraise the advancement of women since 1985 in terms of the objectives of the Nairobi Forward-Looking Strategies (FLS) for the Advancement of Women to the Year 2000.

• To mobilise women and men at both the policy-making and grassroots levels to achieve those objectives.

• To adopt a 'Platform for Action', concentrating on some of the key issues identified as representing a fundamental obstacle to the advancement of the majority of women in the world. It will include elements relative to awareness-raising, decision-making, literacy, poverty, health, violence, national machinery, refugees and technology.

• To determine the priorities to be followed in 1996-2001 for implementation of the strategies within the United Nations system.

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